The immune system of the child wrongly sees the peanuts as a threat in this case.
Sometimes anaphylaxis can occur due to peanut allergy which is life-threatening only when they are highly allergic.
When they are a year or two children develop peanut allergy. 20% of children outgrow it, whereas for some it lasts a lifetime.
Development of the allergy :
It is generally due to families. If parents suffer from eczema, hayfever or asthma, then the children could also develop the allergy. Eczema or asthma or both are common in children with peanut allergy.
Sensitization is a process where the child comes into contact with small traces of them.
The second time she eats peanuts, they alert her again and immune system causes a reaction.
Experts think, children with peanut allergy develop it because peanut comes into contact with the skin. The children with peanut allergy have a severe eczema in the early stages.
Eczema due to peanut oil is arachis oil.
The symptoms will be hives around mouth, eyes and nose, spreading across the body.
Other symptoms will be mild swelling of face, lips and eyes. Sometimes a runny or blocked nose, watery eyes and sneezing, etc.
Although there will be history of allergies in family, there is no proof that eating peanuts during pregnancy or breastfeeding elevates the risk of baby to be allergic to peanut.
Breastfeeding exclusively minimum for 4 or 6 months will definitely reduce risk of any allergy. Department of Health also says that the baby must have only Breastmilk for 6 months.
Can include probiotics while pregnant and also during breastfeeding. Do add probiotics to formula milk, it also helps in reducing the risk.
Make sure the mother eats peanuts during pregnancy and also the child eats them in the early age. This protects them from the allergy.
There is no need to worry if the paediatrician diagnoses the child with peanut allergy as they will give all information necessary to manage it.
Always check for food labels and understand them. Eg. “May contain nuts”, helps.
In case the child has outgrown the allergy, then the doctor should check the child for any sign of asthma, etc.